Anglais 5ème » La vie en société, les problèmes de discrimination

La vie en société, les problèmes de discrimination

I.Le vocabulaire

La vie en société les problèmes de discrimination2

Les rapports aux autres

  • kind : gentil ; kindness : la gentillesse
  • sympathetic : compatissant
  • thoughtful : attentionné
  • friendly : amical
  • understanding : compréhensif
  • to help someone : aider quelqu’un
  • to support someone : soutenir quelqu’un.

Ex. : Her family supported her through that painful time. Sa famille l’a soutenue pendant cette période douloureuse.

Ex. : I respect your point of view although I disagree with it. Je respecte ton point de vue bien que je ne sois pas d’accord.

  • mean : méchant ; meanness : la méchanceté
  • to do someone harm : faire du mal à.

Ex. : She did him harm by telling him the truth. Elle lui fit du mal en lui disant la vérité.

  • out of spite : par méchanceté ; out of jealousy : par jalousie
  • La discrimination
  • racial discrimination : la discrimination raciale ; discrimination at work : la discrimination au travail
  • to be discriminated against : être l’objet de

Ex. : Women are discriminated against at work when they dont get equal pay. Les femmes sont l’objet de discrimination lorsqu’elles n’obtiennent pas l’égalité des salaires.

  • to be prejudiced against : avoir des préjugés

Ex. : Her employer denied being prejudiced against her. Son employeur nia avoir des préjugés à son égard.

  • a prejudiced society : une société raciste
  • to segregate : séparer
  • to live under apartheid : vivre sous un régime d’apartheid

La violence raciale

  • hatred : la haine
  • verbal abuse : des insultes verbales
  • racist slurs : des insultes racistes ; racist taunts : des provocations racistes
  • to threaten : menacer
  • to carry out a threat : porter une menace à exécution
  • to beat up :

Ex. : Black people were often beaten up under apartheid. Les Noirs étaient souvent passés à tabac sous l’apartheid.

  • a riot : une émeute
  • a flare-up : une flambée de violence
  • La lutte contre la discrimination
  • civil rights : les droits civiques ; equal rights : l’égalité des droits
  • to get equal pay : obtenir l’égalité des salaires
  • to outlaw racial discrimination : proscrire la discrimination raciale
  • to fight for one’s rights : se battre pour ses

Ex. : Black people fought for their rights and to outlaw racial discrimination. Les Noirs se sont battus pour leurs droits et pour proscrire la dscrimination raciale.

  • affirmative action : action en faveur des minorités/ discrimination

Ex. : Affirmative action means employing people who are usually treated unfairly because of the color of their skin, or their sex. La discrimination positive consiste à embaucher des personnes qui reçoivent d’habitude un traitement injuste en raison de la couleur de leur peau, ou leur sexe.

  • to march against : défiler contre
  • civil desobedience : la désobéissance

Ex. : Martin Luther King advocated civil desobedience. Martin Luther King prônait la désobéissance civile.

II.Les questions d'expression types

Can a woman be as successful in life as a man today?

  • Men and women don’t have the same strengths and weaknesses. Women tend to be more understanding and patient than men while men are often more ambitious and opportunistic than
  • I think a woman can be as successful as a man today but she has to work harder to achieve
  • I don’t think a woman can be as successful as a man in terms of salary : a woman chief executive won’t get the same salary as a man for the same job/ the same
  • Women still have to prove what they are
  • It is harder for women to become as successful as men since they also have to deal with pregnancies and maternity leaves, whereas men can focus/ concentrate more on work.

Are cultural and racial differences an adventure or an obstacle in a marriage?

  • Cultural and racial differences in a marriage are, in my opinion, more an adventure than an
  • I can only see advantages to marrying someone from another
  • Multiracial couples have the opportunity of discovering new ways of life, of sharing other cultures and
  • Nevertheless I guess that if the differences are too important –religious differences in particular – they may become an obstacle.
  • But I’m sure that the key to a successful multiracial marriage is to accept those differences, and to give the other enough room to live according to his/her beliefs and culture.

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