LE PRETERIT ET PASSE PROGRESSIF

Formation 

Le prétérit simple correspond un peu à l’imparfait en français. Lorsque le verbe est régulier, il se forme à partir du verbe auquel on ajoute la terminaison -ed : Work ==> worked.
Certaines modifications orthographiques sont nécessaires, notamment, il convient de doubler la consonne finale lorsque le verbe ne comporte qu’une seule syllabe et que la consonne finale est précédée d’une seule voyelle courte : Beg ==> begged
FORME: verbe + ed

Forme affirmative
I worked
you worked
he, she, it worked
we worked
you worked
they worked
FORMATION: Sujet + Verbe + ed (sauf irrégulier)


Forme interrogative
Did I work ?
Did you work ?
Did he,she,it work ?
Did we work ?
Did you work ?
Did they work ?
FORMATION : did + Sujet + Verbe


Forme négative
I did not work
you did not work
he, she, it did not work
we did not work
you did not work
they did not work
FORMATION : Sujet + did + not + Verbe

PAST PROGRESSIVE — prétérit progressif

Affirmation
I was looking
you were looking
he/she/it was looking
we were looking

you were looking

they were looking

FORMATION: Sujet +auxiliaire+Verbing

Négation
I was not looking
you were not looking
he/she/it was not looking

we were not looking

you were not looking

they were not looking

FORMATION : Sujet + did + not + Verbing


Interrogation
was I looking?
were you looking?
was he/she/it looking?

were we looking?

were you looking?

were they looking?

FORMATION : did + Sujet + Verbe

×